ANALISIS PERILAKU IBU BERSTATUS MAHASISWI PASCA SARJANA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT UNIVERSITAS INDONESIA (FKMUI) TERHADAP PEMBERIAN IMUNISASI ANAK

Rahmi Permatasari, Ascobat Gani

Sari


ABSTRACT

Immunization has been considered one of the greatest achievements in public health programs and with immunization a number of diseases can be reduced such as eradicating smallpox, eradicating polio, and significant progress in reducing the incidence of diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and measles (1). Right now immunization at the global level is stagnant at 86%. It is estimated that around 19.5 million children worldwide do not receive basic immunization (2). In Indonesia, an estimated 1.9 million children under 1 year were not fully immunized in 2015 (3) and as many as 242135 children were not immunized in 2016. To find out the Mother’s Behavior As A Public Health Postgraduate Student Of University Of Indonesia On Giving Children’s Immunization. This study used a qualitative method using the Rapid Assessment Procedure (RAP) approach located in the University of Indonesia's Public Health Faculty . The informant selection technique uses purposive sampling with the principle of appropriateness and adequacy. Data collection method is with Focus Group Discussion (FGD) 2 groups with each consisting of 6 postgraduate students from University of Indonesia's Public Health Faculty who have fully immunized. As triangulation source, interview conducted with postgraduate students who provide incomplete immunizations, postgraduate students who do not provide immunizations, and staff of the Ministry of Health, Immunization Directorate General of P2P. Nearly all informants had good knowledge, positive attitudes towards immunization is that only a small percentage of informants refused immunization. All informants agreed that media information is important for the success of immunization programs, especially to prevent issues or hoaxes about immunization. Most of the informants received support from their families to give their children immunizations so that the status of immunization for children was complete, but there were informants who did not get the support of their closest family wich is the husband, which made their child's immunization status incomplete. But family support and electronic media have a big influence in motivating mothers to immunize their children. It is recommended to be more careful in sorting the information so that children's and the environment health are maintained properly.

Keywords : Immunization behavior, child immunization, mother's education


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33860/jik.v13i1.169

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