Perilaku Pencegahan Demam Berdarah Dengue Masyarakat Pesisir

https://doi.org/10.33860/jik.v15i1.355

Authors

Keywords:

DBD, Perilaku Pencegahan, Masyarakat Pesisir

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue terjadi secara hampir merata di seluruh wilayah di Indonesia dan wilayah pesisir memiliki karakteristik yang disenangi nyamuk aedes aegypti berkaitan dengan banyaknya tempat perindukan bagi nyamuk. Pengendalian dan pencegahan DBD dapat dilakukan melalui gerakan Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk dengan metode 3M, tetapi kajian tentang perilaku pencegahan DBD oleh masyarakat pesisir masih sangat terbatas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi perilaku pencegahan DBD oleh masyarakat pesisir. Metode penelitian berupa penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh keluarga di lokasi penelitian yaitu di Tanjung Pasir dan Tanjung Batu yang merupakan wilayah pesisir. Besar populasi 442 KK dengan jumlah jiwa 1.803 orang. Besar sampel 210 KK yang diambil dengan teknik stratified random sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner tertutup dengan Cronbach Alpha 0,81. Dari hasil penelitian teridentifikasi 70% masyarakat melakukan pengurasan dengan frekuensi kurang dari semestinya; cara menguras tidak tepat dilakukan oleh 77,6%; sebanyak 41,4% tidak pernah menutup tempat penampungan air dan 34,3% menutup hanya kadang-kadang; 86,7% tidak pernah mengubur benda bekas dan 55,2% melakukan pembuangan sampah yang tidak baik; sebanyak 63,3% memiliki kebiasaan menggantung baju bekas pakai diluar lemari pakaian; dan 83,8% tidak melakukan abatesasi. Perilaku PSN tidak baik dilakukan oleh 61% masyarakat dan 39% yang memiliki perilaku PSN baik. Analisis uji Somers’d diperoleh p<0,05 membuktikan ada hubungan yang bermakna antara perilaku PSN dengan pencegahan DBD. Disarankan pemerintah untuk meningkatkan pemberian pendidikan kesehatan agar pengetahuan dan kesadaran masyarakat dalam pencegahan penularan DBD karena tendahnya perilaku pencegahan DBD masyarakat pesisir.

 

Kata kunci: DBD, perilaku pencegahan, pesisir.

 

 

ABSTRACT

Dengue hemorrhagic fever cases occur almost evenly in all regions in Indonesia and coastal areas have characteristics favored by the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes due to a large number of breeding places for mosquitoes. Control and prevention of dengue can be done through the Mosquito Nests Eradication movement using the 3M method, but studies on dengue prevention behavior by coastal communities are still limited. This study aims to identify its prevention behavior by coastal communities. The research method is quantitative with a cross-sectional approach. The population in this study were all families in the study area as many as 442 households with 1,803 people in the coastal area of Tanjung Pasir and Tanjung Batu. The sample size was 210 households were taken by using a stratified random sampling technique. Data collection used a closed questionnaire with Cronbach Alpha 0.81. From this research, it was identified that 70% of the community carried out draining with less than proper frequency; inappropriate drainage method was performed by 77.6%; 41.4% never closed water reservoirs and 34.3% closed occasionally; 86.7% never bury used objects and 55.2% do bad garbage disposal; 63.3% have the habit of hanging used clothes outside the wardrobe, and 83.8% did not do abatization. 61% of the public had bad eradicating mosquito nests behavior and 39% had good eradicating mosquito nests behavior. The Somers'd test analysis obtained p <0.05 proving that there was a significant relationship between eradicating mosquito nests behavior and the prevention of DHF. It is recommended to the government to increase the provision of health education towards public knowledge and awareness in preventing DHF transmission is due to the low DHF prevention behavior in coastal communities.

 

Keywords: DHF, prevention behavior, coastal.

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Published

2021-05-30

How to Cite

Sulidah, Damayanti, A., & Paridah. (2021). Perilaku Pencegahan Demam Berdarah Dengue Masyarakat Pesisir. Poltekita : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 15(1), 63–70. https://doi.org/10.33860/jik.v15i1.355

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Section

Original Articles