Faktor Risiko Konsumsi Soft Drink dengan Kejadian Kegemukan pada Remaja di SMK Kristen Bala Keselamatan Palu

https://doi.org/10.33860/jik.v15i1.279

Authors

  • Elvyrah Faisal Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu
  • Ridha Anayanti Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu

Keywords:

Obesity, Soft drink, remaja

Abstract

Adolescents are an age group that is prone to nutritional problems including obesity. Adolescent lifestyles that can trigger obesity include the consumption of soft drinks. The highest sweetener content in food and beverages is found in soft drinks, and it accounts for 12% of the total carbohydrate requirement which can trigger obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors for soft drink consumption on the incidence of obesity in adolescents at the Vocational High School for Safety in Palu in 2018. This type of research used a case-control study. The sample in this study amounted to 64 people who were divided into 32 cases and 32 controls. A sampling of cases was carried out by the total population. Data collection techniques use digital scales and microtome to determine nutritional status, and the Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire form to determine the frequency and level of consumption of soft drinks. The analysis showed that the p-value for the frequency of soft drink consumption was 0.802 and the level for consumption of soft drinks was 0.297, with the OR value for the frequency of consumption of soft drinks = 1.485  and the OR value for the level of consumption = 1.98. The conclusion is that there is no relationship between the frequency of consumption of soft drinks, the level of consumption of soft drinks with the incidence of obesity in adolescents at the Vocational School of Salvation Army Palu. but have a risk respectively 1.485 times and 1.98 times the incidence of obesity. It is recommended that schools pay more attention to the types of drinks that are marketed in the school environment and teenagers are expected to be wiser in choosing snacks.

 

 

Author Biography

Ridha Anayanti, Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu

 

 

References

Undang-Undang RI Nomor 36. Kesehatan. 2009.

Harjatmo TP, M.Par’i H, Wiyono S. Penilaian Status Gizi. In: PPSDM Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Pertama. Jakarta; 2017.

Calder P, Carr A, Gombart A, Eggersdorfer M. Optimal Nutritional Status for a Well-Functioning Immune System Is an Important Factor to Protect against Viral Infections. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 23;12(4):1181.

Lassi Z, Moin A, Bhutta Z. Nutrition in Middle Childhood and Adolescence. In: Bundy DAP, Silva N de, Horton S, Jamison DT, Patton GC, editors. Child and Adolescent Health and Development [Internet]. 3rd ed. Washington (DC): The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank; 2017 [cited 2021 May 26]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK525242/

Irianto K. Gizi Seimbang dalam Kesehatan Reproduksi (Balance Nutrition in Reproductive Health). Bandung: Alfabeta; 2014.

Shachman M. The Soft Drinks Companion. Vol. 53. London: CRC Press; 2005. 1689–1699 p.

Nur’Afni H. Diet for Muslimah, Kiat Mendapatkan Bentuk Tubuh Ideal. Pertama. Bandung: Mizan Media Utama; 2009.

Rafiony A, Purba MB, Pramantara IDP. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Konsumsi Fast Food dan Soft Drink sebagai Faktor Risiko Obesitas Pada Remaja. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia. 2015;11(04).

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2013. Laporan Nasional 2013. 2013;1–384.

Asrin T. Pengaruh Konsumsi Soft Drink Terhadap Kejadian Obesitas Pada Remaja Putri SMAN 2 Kota Banda Aceh. Idea Nursing Journal [Internet]. 2013 Dec 25 [cited 2021 May 26];4(3). Available from: http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/INJ/article/view/1679

Adriani M, Wirjatmadi B. Pengantar Gizi Masyarakat. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group; 2012.

Hardinsyah, Supariasa IDN. Ilmu Gizi Teori & Aplikasi. Penerbut Buku Kedokteran EGC. 2016.

Faridah D. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Overweight Dan Obe Sitas Pada Anak Usia Prasekolah Di Tk ‘Aisyiyah Bustanul Athfal Kecamatan Tegalrejo Kota Yogyakarta. 2017;17.

Just DR, Wansink B. Fast food, soft drink and candy intake is unrelated to body mass index for 95% of American adults. Obesity Science & Practice. 2015 Dec;1(2):126–30.

Yau YHC, Potenza MN. Stress and eating behaviors. Minerva Endocrinol. 2013 Sep;38(3):255–67.

Rut S, Nurhaedah J, Amiduddin S. Gambaran Jenis dan Jumlah Konsumsi Fast Food dan Soft Drink pada Mahasiswa Obesitas di Universitas Hasanudin. Jurnal Universitas Hasanudin. 2008;

Monzani A, Ricotti R, Caputo M, Solito A, Archero F, Bellone S, et al. A Systematic Review of the Association of Skipping Breakfast with Weight and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents. What Should We Better Investigate in the Future? Nutrients. 2019 Feb 13;11(2):387.

Vartanian LR, Schwartz MB, Brownell KD. Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Public Health. 2007.

Nuryani, Muhdar IN, Ramadhani F, Paramata Y, Adi DI, Bohari. Association of Physical Activity and Dietary Patterns with Adults Abdominal Obesity in Gorontalo Regency, Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science Journal. 2021 Apr 16;9(1):280–92.

Putri VR, Angkasa D, Nuzrina R. Konsumsi Fast Food, Soft Drink, Aktivitas Fisik, dan Kejadian Overweight Siswa Sekolah Dasar di Jakarta. Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition. 2017 Jun 25;4(1):48–58.

Published

2021-05-26

How to Cite

Faisal, E., & Anayanti, R. . (2021). Faktor Risiko Konsumsi Soft Drink dengan Kejadian Kegemukan pada Remaja di SMK Kristen Bala Keselamatan Palu. Poltekita : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 15(1), 25–30. https://doi.org/10.33860/jik.v15i1.279

Issue

Section

Original Articles