Main Article Content

Abstract

Cuci tangan dengan sabun pada air mengalir adalah langkah sederhana dan efektif untuk mencegah penularan penyakit fecal-oral dan penyakit menular lainnya pada anak usia sekolah. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh ketersediaan sarana cuci tangan terhadap praktik cuci tangan pakai sabun di sekolah dasar. Penelitian kuasi eksperimen the nonrandomized pretest posttest control group design. Populasi penelitian adalah siswa SDIT Hidayatullah Palu dan SDN 08 Kecamatan Tanantovea Kabupaten Donggala. Jumlah sampel 60 orang terdiri dari 49 orang pada kelompok perlakuan dan 11 orang pada kelompok kontrol.Data dikumpulkan dengan cara menilai pre-posttest. Instrumen penelitian berupa kuesioner dan angket. Variabel bebas adalah sarana cuci tangan dan sabun sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah praktik cuci tangan pakai sabun pada air mengalir. Data dianalisis untuk melihat pengaruh intervensi terhadap variabel dependen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 30,61% siswa yang sering mencuci tangan saat berada di sekolah meningkat menjadi 67,34% setelah tersedia sarana CTPS, sebanyak 49 responden 91,83% mencuci tangan di wastafel, dan sisanya 8,17% di kamar mandi/wc/kran mesjid. Penggunaan sabun saat cuci tangan mengalami peningkatan dari 30,61% menjadi 87,75%dan semuanya menggunakan air mengalir (100%). Hasil uji Mc Nemar menunjukkan bahwa nilai ɑ (0,05) > p, yang berarti bahwa ada perbedaan praktik CTPS sebelum dan setelah tersedia sarana CTPS pada siswa sekolah dasar. Kesimpulan: ketersediaan sarana CTPS efektif terhadap praktik CTPS di sekolah dasar. Pihak sekolah diharapkan agar dapat menyediakan sabun dan air mengalir secara regular sehingga perilaku CTPS menjadisuatukebiasaan bagi siswa sekolah dasar.

Keywords

Cuci Tangan Pakai Sabun

Article Details

Author Biographies

Maryam, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu

Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu Sanitasi

Ros Arianty, Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu

Poltekkes Kemenkes Palu Sanitasi SINTA ID : 6710330
How to Cite
Sapriana, S., Maryam, & Arianty, R. (2020). Pengaruh Ketersediaan Sarana terhadap Praktik Cuci Tangan Pakai Sabun (CTPS) Siswa Sekolah Dasar: The Influence of Facilities Availability on Soap Use of Washes in elementary school students. Poltekita : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 14(1), 24-29. https://doi.org/10.33860/jik.v14i1.58

References

  1. Xuan LTT, Hoat LN. Handwashing among schoolchildren in an ethnically diverse population in northern rural Vietnam. Glob Health Action. 2013 Jan;6:1–8.
  2. Mahmud MA, Spigt M, Bezabih AM, Pavon IL, Dinant G-J, Velasco RB. Efficacy of Handwashing with Soap and Nail Clipping on Intestinal Parasitic Infections in School-Aged Children: A Factorial Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. PLoS Med. 2015 Jun;12(6):e1001837; discussion e1001837.
  3. Slekiene J, Mosler H-J. Does depression moderate handwashing in children? BMC Public Health. 2017 Aug;18(1):82.
  4. Vally H, McMichael C, Doherty C, Li X, Guevarra G, Tobias P. The Impact of a School-Based Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Intervention on Knowledge, Practices, and Diarrhoea Rates in the Philippines. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Oct;16(21).
  5. Otsuka Y, Agestika L, Widyarani, Sintawardani N, Yamauchi T. Risk Factors for Undernutrition and Diarrhea Prevalence in an Urban Slum in Indonesia: Focus on Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2019 Mar;100(3):727–32.
  6. RI KK. Riset Kesehatan Dasar [Basic Health Research] [Internet]. Vol. 2014. Jakarta: Balitbangkes MoH; 2013. Available from: http://depkes.go.id/downloads/riskesdas2013/Hasil Riskesdas 2013.pdf
  7. Health Research and Development Body Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Basic Health Research Report of Indonesia Year 2018 (Laporan Nasional Riskesdas 2018). Riskesdas 2018. Jakarta; 2018.
  8. Otsuka Y, Agestika L, Harada H, Sriwuryandari L, Sintawardani N, Yamauchi T. Comprehensive assessment of handwashing and faecal contamination among elementary school children in an urban slum of Indonesia. Trop Med Int Health. 2019 Aug;24(8):954–61.
  9. Tidwell JB, Gopalakrishnan A, Unni A, Sheth E, Daryanani A, Singh S, et al. Impact of a teacher-led school handwashing program on children’s handwashing with soap at school and home in Bihar, India. PLoS One. 2020;15(2):e0229655.
  10. Watson JA, Ensink JHJ, Ramos M, Benelli P, Holdsworth E, Dreibelbis R, et al. Does targeting children with hygiene promotion messages work? The effect of handwashing promotion targeted at children, on diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infections and behaviour change, in low- and middle-income countries. Trop Med Int Health. 2017 May;22(5):526–38.
  11. Duijster D, Monse B, Dimaisip-Nabuab J, Djuharnoko P, Heinrich-Weltzien R, Hobdell M, et al. “Fit for school” - a school-based water, sanitation and hygiene programme to improve child health: Results from a longitudinal study in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. BMC Public Health. 2017 Apr;17(1):302.
  12. Wolf J, Johnston R, Freeman MC, Ram PK, Slaymaker T, Laurenz E, et al. Handwashing with soap after potential faecal contact: global, regional and country estimates. Int J Epidemiol. 2019 Aug;48(4):1204–18.
  13. Grover E, Hossain MK, Uddin S, Venkatesh M, Ram PK, Dreibelbis R. Social Influence on Handwashing with Soap: Results from a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial in Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Oct;99(4):934–6.
  14. Seimetz E, Slekiene J, Friedrich MND, Mosler H-J. Identifying behavioural determinants for interventions to increase handwashing practices among primary school children in rural Burundi and urban Zimbabwe. BMC Res Notes. 2017 Jul;10(1):280.
  15. Dreibelbis R, Kroeger A, Hossain K, Venkatesh M, Ram PK. Behavior Change without Behavior Change Communication: Nudging Handwashing among Primary School Students in Bangladesh. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jan;13(1).
  16. Wichaidit W, Steinacher R, Okal JA, Whinnery J, Null C, Kordas K, et al. Effect of an equipment-behavior change intervention on handwashing behavior among primary school children in Kenya: the Povu Poa school pilot study. BMC Public Health. 2019 May;19(1):647.
  17. Grover E, Hossain MK, Uddin S, Venkatesh M, Ram PK, Dreibelbis R. Comparing the behavioural impact of a nudge-based handwashing intervention to high-intensity hygiene education: a cluster-randomised trial in rural Bangladesh. Trop Med Int Health. 2018 Jan;23(1):10–25.